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10 Things You Didn’t Know About Your Gut

by previlli
Many people think of our intestines as just an inert, long tube that stuff flows through, but in actuality, it is an amazing, complex, protective, absorptive, regenerative, multi-functional organ that plays a key role in nutrient absorption, metabolism, digestion, inflammation and immunity. Its surface area exceeds that of the skin, making it the organ that is most connected to the outside world. It has more neurons than the spine; manufactures over 30 different neurotransmitters; and facilitates 80% of the immune system. The microbiota that live there have 100 times your genetic potential and intervene in the metabolism of over 80% of all medications.

Previlli is a different kind of supplement that goes way beyond probiotics for optimal gastrointestinal health. If you are searching for digestive balance and optimal health, start giving your gut the extra care it needs and discover the amazing benefits and functionality of finally taking notice of our most underrated organ.

1. The Front Line

The surface area of your gut is an important line of your body’s defense. It protects you against potentially dangerous elements that are commonly introduced to your system via the food you eat.[1]

2. Second Brain

Your gut is the only organ that doesn’t wait for your brain’s input to get to work.[2]  That’s one of the reasons your gut is called “your second brain.” 

3. Mood

Your gut contains more than 100 million neurons, which is more than the spine, and secretes at least 30 neurotransmitters identical to the ones produced in your brain. In fact, most of your serotonin (a hormone that regulates mood) is found in your gut. Is it any wonder poor diet and harsh medications can have a negative impact on your mood?[3]

4. Fluid Factory

Your gut produces 1-2 liters of fluid every single day.[4,5,6,] This means the water in your gut alone can weigh up to 4 pounds. We need this fluid to aid the digestion process by making food more soluble, activating enzymes, and improving motility. Many other processes in your body need water as well making the recommended 8 glasses of water per day the minimum needed to fuel this important organ. 

5. Renew

The gut is your fastest renewing organ. Your intestinal lining can regenerate itself as fast as every 5-7 days. This continual cell renewal allows it to withstand the constant wear and tear that occurs during the digestion of food, absorption of nutrients, and removal of waste. The protective layer of mucin that coats the intestinal walls can regenerate every 24 hours.

6. 100x the Surface Area

The surface area of your gut is 100 times greater than the surface area of your skin. The structures of the small intestine lining are an engineering marvel designed to increase the surface area of your gut. (Greater surface area means better nutrient absorption.) Each fold is lined with microvilli covering the peaks and valleys of the gut. There are an estimated 200 million microvilli per square millimeter of small intestine. This makes the surface area of your gut over 2,700 square feet — or about the size of a tennis court.[8]

7. Trust Your Gut

You really can trust your gut. The vagus nerve, one of the longest and largest nerves in your body, extends from your brain stem through your neck and chest and ends in your abdomen. This physiological connection between your gut and brain — known as the gut-brain axis — acts as a two-way communication for your central nervous system and your enteric (gut) nervous system. The gut-brain axis may affect your mood, motivation, and higher cognitive functioning, including intuitive decision-making processes.[9,10,11]

8. Supports Immune System

Your gut houses 80% of your immune system. It is embedded in a special, well-protected layer deep in the wall of your gut called gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT). GALT is the home of immune cells, such as: B Cells, T cells, plasma cells, macrophages, and dendritic cells. These protector cells can be found in the gastrointestinal mucosal lining.[12]

9. It Tells a Lot

Your bowel movements can tell you a lot about your health. Frequent irregularities in bathroom habits can be an important indicator of serious health problems. The color of your bowel movements can also give you important information.

10. Strongest Influence

Your diet, even more than probiotics, has the strongest influence on your gut microbiome. A gut-healthy diet features plenty of fiber, fermented foods, plant protein, and omega-3 fatty acids, while minimizing saturated and trans fats, refined carbohydrates, sugar, artificial sweeteners, and alcohol. 
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